# odds ratio

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## odds ratio

ratio of two odds, but as used in the analysis of data from a case control study, a simple calculation, also called the cross-products ratio, which yields an approximate value for the relative risk of the exposure that has been examined in a case control study.

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

## odds ratio

Epidemiology Cross-product ratio, exposure odds ratio overdispersion A measure of association in a case-control study which quantifies the relationship between an exposure and health outcome from a comparative study. See Absolute risk reduction, Number needed to treat, Relative risk.McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## odds ratio

In epidemiological case-control studies, a relative measure of the occurrence of disease. The odds in favor of a particular disease occurring in an exposed group are divided by the odds in favor of its occurring in an unexposed group. If the condition being studied is rare, the odds ratio is a close approximation to the relative risk.

Synonym: *events odds ratio*See: relative risk

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

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